TRADITIONAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES and human resources policies have been created to catch the “bad apple.” But what if we instead start with the premise that the vast majority of employees are good people? We might even say 95% fall in this category.
That leaves the small minority of five-percenters, or bad apples. Often this group occupies a much larger percentage of managements’ time and attention. To try to rid the organization of these people, penalizing and insulting policies are created that often catch good people in their net. When treated the same as a five-percenter, 95-percenters feel embarrassed and devalued. What’s worse, the organization has likely created a bureaucratic system that makes it nearly impossible to get rid of those for whom the policies were created.
The following elements are common sense and uncomplicated ways for leaders to manage staff.
Positive assumptions about people
Dealing with the five-percenters unconsciously taints your assumptions about people. If leaders have spent time dealing with someone who does the minimum required and tries to get away with as much as possible, that experience can create distrust and a desire to micromanage everyone. It becomes impossible for employees to feel like valued adults and in return, the organization receives a lack of passion and a check-the-box performance.
Leading with positive assumptions about the quality and integrity of the majority of the workforce promotes pride, passion and accountability.
Identification and elimination of negatives
A negative is anything that minimizes a person’s feeling of value to the organization. Many of these are almost invisible to the people who have the power to eliminate them. Examples include: free water or coffee in some areas and not in others, reserved parking for executives, punitive policies that apply to one group of employees but not another, differences in holiday and vacation schedules, late performance appraisals and raises.
Most of these negatives are easy to eliminate. Leaders only need to put themselves in the shoes of their employees to see and feel them — and then get rid of them.
Mutual trust and respect
Major headway in creating an environment of mutual trust and respect can be achieved by doing the first two elements. And, if a company wants to be able to treat people as responsible adults, there must be recognition that there will probably be some issues until the five-percenters are gone. However, it will be worth it to have created a high-trust environment for the rest of the workforce.
Open, two-way communication
Share information, be open and avoid secrets. Speak to everyone at every level as you would a neighbor you like. Remember that people, regardless of the type of work they perform, have the same desire for involvement and respect as managers and senior leaders do.
Visionary experts in organizational development predict the end of hierarchies — at least as you know them today. If it can be agreed that the people doing the jobs are the ones who know the jobs best, why aren’t leaders empowering employees to solve problems and create continuous improvement in every organization?
Competitive wages and benefits
In a high-performance culture, the objective is to make wages and benefits a non-issue. If people are challenged, valued and fairly compensated, they are reluctant to take another job for more money. Fairness is perceived and achieved by regularly checking the market value for all jobs and paying competitively (meaning around and often somewhat above the market midpoint), sharing the survey data if someone is interested, and being transparent about ranges and the compensation structure. If a company is providing competitive pay and benefits, there shouldn’t be any mystery around this topic.
If it can be agreed that the people doing the jobs are the ones who know the jobs best, why aren’t leaders empowering employees to solve problems and create continuous improvement?
Many leaders will admit they have employees who are only doing the minimum. In most traditional companies, job descriptions are specific with regard to the tasks to be performed. Instead, write job profiles that set high expectations for the results versus the tasks involved. And replace that common phrase at the bottom of those descriptions that says, “All other duties as assigned” with “Proactively support the team and company in achieving its objectives.” Now the person who just waits to be told what to do is no longer meeting the minimum.
When leaders don’t set high expectations, they shouldn’t be surprised when average results are achieved. High expectations give people a purpose for their work, especially when their leaders believe they will be successful.
There are many applications under each of these elements that convert the words to tangible actions and practices. If any of these elements is missing within an organization, it’s time to take action. It’s valuing employees and doing the right thing that leads to exceptional performance. It really isn’t complicated.